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Theoretical analysis of highly elliptical-core optical fibers with arbitrary refractive-index profiles

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Abstract

We present a theoretical analysis of highly elliptical optical fibers by expanding the vector fields as a series of orthogonal functions. Higher-order cutoff values of the normalized frequencies (V numbers) are evaluated for step-index fibers of varying ellipticities. The effect of different refractive-index profiles on the birefringence of the fiber is presented. For fibers operated in the two-mode regime, we discuss the effect of ellipticity and refractive-index profile on the differential propagation constant (Δb) related to the scalar equivalent of LP01 and LP11even modes.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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