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High-intensity nanosecond photorefractive spatial solitons

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Abstract

We report the observation of high-intensity solitons in a bulk strontium barium niobate crystal. The solitons are observed by use of 8-ns optical pulses with optical intensities greater than 100 MW/cm2. Each soliton forms and attains its minimum width after roughly ten pulses and reaches e-1 of the steady-state width after the first pulse. We find good agreement between experimental observations and theoretical predictions for the soliton existence curve.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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