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Use of mass transport to reduce surface roughness in replicated gallium phosphide refractive microlenses

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Abstract

Mass-transport smoothing has been used to reduce the surface roughness of a gallium phosphide (GaP) microlens from 50.0 nm (rms) to 6.5 nm (rms) while preserving the original surface figure. The initial GaP surface was fabricated by dry-etch transfer of a polymer microlens into a GaP substrate. This result demonstrates that mass transport can significantly improve the performance of economically feasible high-refractive-index micro-optical elements having arbitrary surface profiles.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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