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Fiber-optic liquid-level sensor using a long-period grating

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Abstract

A liquid-level sensor based on the refractive-index sensitivity of long-period fiber-optic gratings is proposed and demonstrated. The form of the transmission spectrum of the long-period grating is dependent on the fraction of the length of the long-period grating that is surrounded by the liquid. The sensor shows a large linear range, with sensitivity of 4.8% change in transmission per millimeter, for a long-period grating with a length of 40 mm and a periodicity of 400 μm.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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