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Pulse duration and wavelength effects on the optical limiting behavior of carbon nanotube suspensions

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Abstract

We investigate pulse duration and wavelength effects on the optical limiting behavior of single-wall carbon nanotubes suspended either in chloroform or in water. The principal optical limiting effect in carbon nano-tube suspensions is nonlinear scattering that is due to heat transfer from particles to solvent, leading to solvent-bubble formation and to sublimation of carbon nanotubes. We report on nonlinear transmittance measurements for pulse durations ranging from 3 to 100 ns and for wavelengths from 430 to 1064 nm. The dependence of optical limiting behavior on pulse duration and wavelength is analyzed and discussed in terms of nonlinear mechanisms.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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