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Birefringence-induced splitting of the zero-dispersion wavelength in nonlinear photonic crystal fibers

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Abstract

We investigate how the strongly wavelength-dependent birefringence in nonlinear photonic crystal fibers leads to a splitting in the zero-dispersion wavelength for the two polarizations. We translate the requirements for the maximum splitting of the zero-dispersion wavelength to requirements for transverse structural uniformity by adopting a simple effective-index approach in which the birefringence is calculated in a step-index fiber with an elliptical core. We find that to reduce the splitting to less than 1 nm the birefringence should be less than 2×10-5, resulting in a transverse uniformity requirement of 1–3%, depending on the index step from the core to the cladding.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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