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Dark-line atomic resonances in submillimeter structures

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Abstract

We present measurements of dark-line resonances excited in cesium atoms confined in submillimeter cells with a buffer gas. The width and contrast of the resonances were measured for cell lengths as low as 100 µm. The measured atomic Q factors are reduced in small cells because of frequent collisions of atoms with the cell walls. However, the contrast of coherent population trapping resonances measured in the small cells is similar in magnitude to that obtained in centimeter-sized cells, but substantially more laser intensity is needed to excite the resonance fully when increased buffer-gas pressure is used. The effect of the higher intensity on the linewidth is reduced because the intensity broadening rate decreases with buffer-gas pressure.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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