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Polarization-universal bandgap in periodically twisted nematics

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Abstract

Cholesteric liquid crystals are known to possess bandgap and exhibit strong reflection for one of two circular polarizations of light. We suggest a periodically twisted nematic liquid crystal as a medium, which possesses bandgap and exhibits strong reflection for any polarization of normally incident light. Two possible structures are considered: a sinusoidal modulation profile and a rectangular modulation profile. In both cases, the maximum bandgap of a periodically twisted structure is approximately twice as narrow as that of cholesterics. However, the polarization properties of these structures may make them more advantageous than cholesterics in a variety of applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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