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Real-time in vivo blood-flow imaging by moving-scatterer-sensitive spectral-domain optical Doppler tomography

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Abstract

We present a moving-scatterer-sensitive optical Doppler tomography (MSS-ODT) technique for in vivo blood flow imaging in real time by using a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography system. In MSS-ODT the influence of stationary scatterers is suppressed by subtracting adjacent complex axial scans before calculating the Doppler frequency shift. We demonstrate that MSS-ODT is a useful technique for accurate determination of blood vessel size by imaging flow in a small capillary tube with a 75μm inner diameter. The flow profile obtained with MSS-ODT yields a substantially more accurate tube diameter than that obtained with the conventional phase-resolved method, which underestimates the diameter by about 23%. We also demonstrate that MSS-ODT provides improved sensitivity over the conventional phase-resolved method for imaging in vivo blood flow in small vessels in a mouse ear.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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