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Fiber coupling to BaTiO 3 glass microspheres in an aqueous environment

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Abstract

Compact microspheres with high-quality (Q) whispering gallery modes are required for many applications involving liquid immersion, such as sensing nanoparticles and studying resonant radiative pressure effects. We show that high-index (1.9 and 2.1) barium titanate glass (BTG) microspheres are perfect candidates for these applications due to their high-Q (104 in the 11001600nm range) resonances evanescently excited in spheres with diameters of 415μm. By reattaching the spheres at different positions along a tapered optical fiber, we show that the coupling constant exponentially increases with thinner fiber diameters. We demonstrate the close to critical coupling regime with intrinsic Q=3×104 for water immersed 14μm BTG spheres.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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