We propose an optical sensor that allows site-selective detection of a refractive index change occurring due to any infiltration such as a bio-organism in a porous one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC). We use the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) to detect and locate the infiltration. With a localized change in the refractive index, the maximum of the peak EIT transmission shifts, which is determined by tuning the control field frequency. The strong dispersion and the narrowing of the absorption free response associated with EIT within the PC form the basis of such enhanced sensitivity.
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