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Deep-subwavelength negative-index waveguiding enabled by coupled conformal surface plasmons

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Abstract

In this Letter we introduce a novel route for achieving negative-group-velocity waveguiding at deep-subwavelength scales. Our scheme is based on the strong electromagnetic coupling between two conformal surface plasmon structures. Using symmetry arguments and detailed numerical simulations, we show that the coupled system can be geometrically tailored to yield negative-index dispersion. A high degree of subwavelength modal confinement, of λ/10 in the transversal dimensions, is also demonstrated. These results can assist in the development of ultrathin surface circuitry for the low-frequency region (microwave and terahertz regimes) of the electromagnetic spectrum.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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