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1.9–3.6 μm supercontinuum generation in a very short highly nonlinear germania fiber with a high mid-infrared power ratio

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Abstract

In this Letter, a high-power supercontinuum (SC) laser source which spanned from 1.9 to 3.6 μm with an all-fiber configuration was reported. This SC laser was obtained by concatenating a thulium-doped fiber amplifier (TDFA) and a 12 cm long highly nonlinear germania fiber. A 1.9–2.7 μm SC laser from the TDFA was spectrally broadened continuously into the mid-infrared region (>3μm) in the following germania fiber. When the repetition rate was 2 MHz, the obtained SC laser had a maximum output power of 6.12 W with an optical conversion efficiency of 15.3% with respect to the TDFA pump power. The SC laser had a spectral bandwidth of 1506 nm ranging from 1944 to 3450 nm at the 20dB level. The SC power with wavelengths >3μm was 2.9 W, corresponding to a high power ratio of 47.4% in the mid-infrared region. The achieved power ratio in the mid-infrared region, as well as the long wavelength cutoff, to the best of our knowledge, were the best results ever reported in germania fibers.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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