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Q-switching Yb3+: YAG lasers based on plasmon resonance nonlinearities of Cu2−xSe@Cu2−xS nanorods

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Abstract

Copper(II) chalcogenide nanocrystals, including Cu2xY (Y=S, Se, and Te), have an intense localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) band in the near-infrared (NIR) region. In this research, colloidal Cu2xSe@Cu2xS nanorods were synthesized using the organometallic colloidal and cation-exchange methods. The dynamics of LSPR were investigated using ultrafast laser pulses via pump–probe experiments in the NIR region. Investigation of the transient absorption spectra revealed an LSPR spectral band from approximately 850 to 1350 nm, with a center wavelength of 1030 nm. The kinetics of the recovering plasmon maximum, probed at the peak wavelength of 1030 nm, exhibited a strong nonlinear response for plasmonic absorption, with a modulation depth exceeding 25% in the transmitted signal under a pump fluence of 3.97mJ/cm2. The ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of these plasmonic nanoparticles could be used as excellent saturable absorbers (SAs) in ultrafast lasers. A compact passively Q-switched Yb3+:YAG microchip laser with a Cu2xSe@Cu2xS SA was investigated. Furthermore, a maximum average output power of 187 mW was obtained, with a pulse energy of 4.11 μJ, pulse duration of 8.5 μs, and repetition rate of 45.45 KHz at a pump power of 8.7 W.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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