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Coexistence of cavity solitons with different polarization states and different power peaks in all-fiber resonators

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Abstract

We theoretically investigate a weakly birefringent all-fiber cavity subject to linearly polarized optical injection. We describe the propagation of light inside the cavity using, for each linear polarization component of the electric field, the Lugiato–Lefever model. These two components are coupled by cross-phase modulation. We show that, for a wide range of parameters, there is a coexistence between a homogeneous steady state and two different types of temporal vector cavity solitons, which can be hosted in the same system. They differ by their polarization state and peak intensity. We construct their bifurcation diagram and show that they are connected through a saddle-node bifurcation. Finally, we show that vector cavity solitons exhibit multistability involving different polarization states with different energies.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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