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Integrated optical phased arrays for quasi-Bessel-beam generation

Abstract

Integrated optical phased arrays for generating quasi-Bessel beams are proposed and experimentally demonstrated in a CMOS-compatible platform. Owing to their elongated central beams, Bessel beams have applications in a range of fields, including multiparticle trapping and laser lithography. In this Letter, continuous Bessel theory is manipulated to formulate the phase and amplitude conditions necessary for generating free-space-propagating Bessel–Gauss beams using on-chip optical phased arrays. Discussion of the effects of select phased array parameters on the generated beam’s figures of merit is included. A one-dimensional splitter-tree-based phased array architecture is modified to enable arbitrary passive control of the array’s element phase and amplitude distributions. This architecture is used to experimentally demonstrate on-chip quasi-Bessel-beam generation with a 14mm Bessel length and 30μm power full width at half maximum.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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