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Direct mapping and characterization of dry etch damage-induced PN junction for long-wavelength HgCdTe infrared detector arrays

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Abstract

Mercury cadmium telluride is the standard material to fabricate high-performance infrared focal plane array (FPA) detectors. However, etch-induced damage is a serious obstacle for realizing highly uniform and damage-free FPA detectors. In this Letter, the high signal-to-noise ratio and high spatial resolution scanning photocurrent microscopy (SPCM) is used to characterize the dry etch-induced inversion layer of vacancy-doped p-type Hg1xCdxTe (x=0.22) material under different etching temperatures. It is found that the peak-to-peak magnitude of the SPCM profile decreases with a decrease in etching temperature, showing direct proof of controlling dry etch-induced type conversion. Our work paves the way toward seeking optimal etching processes in large-scale infrared FPAs.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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