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Intensity mediated change in the sign of ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response in As2S2 thin films

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Abstract

We study experimentally and theoretically the intensity-dependent off-resonant ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response of As2S2 thin films. At low intensity, we observed saturable absorption with a negative (self-defocusing) nonlinear refractive index (n2) which at higher intensity switched over to reverse saturable absorption with a change in the sign of n2 to positive (self-focusing). Our findings constitute compelling evidence on how to dynamically tune the optical response with the intensity that has its origin in the combined effect of two-photon absorption and Pauli blocking. The results were explained with the help of time-resolved measurements and rigorous theoretical and numerical simulations.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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