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Photoluminescence in hexagonal silicon carbide by direct femtosecond laser writing

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Abstract

Direct femtosecond laser writing has been used to produce localized regions of photo-luminescent emission in 4H- and 6H-silicon carbide (SiC). Arrays of active color centers were fabricated by different pulse laser energies in the sites of square grids at various depths (from surface level to 10 μm below surface). We optically characterized the fabricated color centers using confocal imaging with 532 and 780 nm excitation, photo-luminescence spectroscopy, and lifetime decay at room temperature. We show that the technique can produce specifically the silicon vacancy color center emitting in the range 850–950 nm and other emitters in the 700 nm. This method can be adopted to engineer color centers in (SiC) at different depths in the material for single-photon generation, sensing, display fabrication, and light emitting diodes.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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