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Focusing short-wavelength surface plasmons by a plasmonic mirror

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Abstract

Emerging applications in nanotechnology, such as superresolution imaging, ultra-sensitive biomedical detection, and heat-assisted magnetic recording, require plasmonic devices that can generate intense optical spots beyond the diffraction limit. One of the important drawbacks of surface plasmon focusing structures is their complex design, which is significant for ease of integration with other nanostructures and fabrication at low cost. In this study, a planar plasmonic mirror without any nanoscale features is investigated that can focus surface plasmons to produce intense optical spots having lateral and vertical dimensions of λ/9.7 and λ/80, respectively. Intense optical spots beyond the diffraction limit were produced from the plasmonic parabolic mirror by exciting short-wavelength surface plasmons. The refractive index and numerical aperture of the plasmonic parabolic mirror were varied to excite short-wavelength surface plasmons. Finite-element method simulations of the plasmonic mirror and scanning near-field optical microscopy experiments have shown very good agreement.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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