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Surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensor based on fiber-interface waveguide inscribed by femtosecond laser

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Abstract

A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) configuration based on fiber-interface waveguide was proposed and realized by combining the technology of femtosecond laser writing waveguide with SPR effect for measuring refractive index (RI) of analyte. A U-shaped waveguide is inscribed in the coreless fiber and its bottom is very close to the fiber surface, which can produce strong evanescent field being sensitive to ambient media. When the fiber surface is coated with a layer of gold film, the strong evanescent field can excite the SPR effect on the fiber surface. Most importantly, different from some types of fiber SPR sensors with a fragile physical structure, the fiber-interface waveguide SPR sensor exhibits an excellent mechanical strength. Such a SPR sensor exhibits a high sensitivity of 3352nm/RIU at the RI value of 1.395, which may have important practical applications in medicine, environmental monitoring, and food safety.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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