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High-visibility Franson interference of time–energy entangled photon pairs from warm atomic ensemble

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Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate Franson interference of a time–energy entangled photon pair generated via collective two-photon coherence in the 5S1/25P3/25D5/2 transition of warm Rb87 atoms. The two unbalanced Michelson interferometers used in our setup are spatially separated in order to understand entanglement as a nonlocal property of the photon pairs from the warm atomic ensemble. We observe a Franson interference fringe with a high visibility of 99.1±1.3% with continuous-wave-mode photon pairs from the cascade-type atomic ensemble. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first demonstration of the nonlocal two-photon interference experiment in separated photon channels by use of two-photon pairs emitted from a cascade-type atomic system as originally proposed by Franson [Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2205 (1989) [CrossRef]  ].

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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