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Square wave excitability in quantum dot lasers under optical injection

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Abstract

Quantum dot lasers display many unique dynamic phenomena when optically injected. Bistability has been predicted in a region of high injection strength. Experimentally, we show that a square wave phenomenon, rather than a phase-locked bistability, is observed in this region. The squares can manifest as a periodic train but also as noise-driven Type II excitable events. We interpret the appearance of the square waves as a thermally induced breaking of the bistability. Indeed, we find experimentally that over the duration of a square, the relative detuning between the master and the slave evolves deterministically. A relatively simple, physically motivated, rate equation model is presented and displays excellent agreement with the experiment.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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