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Intensity noise suppression of a high-power single-frequency CW laser by controlling the stimulated emission rate

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Abstract

The intensity noise of a high-power single-frequency continuous-wave (CW) laser is very harmful for applications in precise measurements and quantum communication. By simply lengthening the length of a laser resonator to decrease the stimulated emission rate of the laser, the coupling strength of all noise sources in the resonant laser field will be reduced, and thus the intensity noise of the output laser will be prominently suppressed. Based on theoretical analyses of the laser noise spectra, we experimentally implement a low-noise high-power single-frequency laser with a 1050 mm long resonator. With the assistance of an intracavity imaging system and nonlinear second-harmonic generation, the amplitude of the resonant relaxation oscillation peak and the shot-noise level (SNL) cutoff frequency are successfully reduced to 8.6 dB/Hz above SNL and 1.0 MHz, respectively, under the output power of 16 W. The work provides an effective way to develop a high-quality laser with high output power and low intensity noise.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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