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Generation of terahertz vortex pulses without any need of manipulation in the terahertz region

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Abstract

Converting a Gaussian mode to a vortex beam is much more inconvenient in the terahertz (THz) region than in the near-infrared (NIR) region due to underdevelopment of THz components and strong THz diffraction. This Letter reports the direct generation of THz vortex pulses by optical difference-frequency between two NIR chirped pulses with different topological charges (TCs). By designing a passive and transmissive device for a collinear NIR pulse pair with conjugated TCs, we have experimentally obtained stable THz vortex pulses with a TC value of 2 or 2. The process needs no THz components and so is flexible to be realized and has promising applications in the THz field.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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