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Lop-sided Raman–Nath diffraction in PT -antisymmetric atomic lattices

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) optical lattices of driven cold atoms can provide a useful platform to construct 2D electromagnetically induced grating (EIG) with parity-time (PT) antisymmetry. This atomic grating is achieved by the spatial modulations of the atomic density and frequency detunings in the four-level double-Λ atomic system. Gain-assisted PT antisymmetry allows us to realize lop-sided Raman–Nath diffraction with high diffraction efficiency at the exception point. It is shown that the nontrivial phenomenon originates from non-Hermitian degeneracy of PT antisymmetry. Our scheme may provide the possibility for active all-optical control and conversion of the spatial beam in optics.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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