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Enhanced efficiency of organic light-emitting devices by using a directly imprinted nanopillared ultrathin metallic electrode

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Abstract

An ultrathin metal film with high transmittance and conductivity has been demonstrated to be a promising transparent electrode for organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs). However, mediocre surface morphology and continuity of evaporated metal films and the surface plasmon-polaritons (SPPs) energy loss between the metal electrode and organic layer still limit the external quantum efficiency (EQE) of OLEDs. Here, nanoimprint lithography has been directly applied on the ultrathin Au film with underlying uncured photopolymer to fabricate the nanopillared anode. Both the conductivity and transmittance of the nanopillared ultrathin Au film have been improved due to the improvement of continuity and surface smoothness. As we expected, the SPPs mode has been coupled into photons and further extracted from OLEDs by using the nanopillared Au film anode. Finally, 19.2% and 70.1% enhancement of current efficiency were achieved compared to the planar device with ultrathin Au anode and ITO anode, respectively.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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