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Large refractive index modulation based on a BDK-doped step-index PMMA optical fiber for highly reflective Bragg grating inscription

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Abstract

We experimentally report high reflectivity on the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings by means of a 266 nm pulsed laser and phase mask technique. In the first recipe, fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) were manufactured with a single pulse up to 3.7 mJ. After post-annealing, a stable refractive index change up to ${4.2} \times {{10}^{- 4}}$ was obtained. In the second recipe, FBGs were inscribed by 22 pulses with a lower pulse energy of 1.4 mJ, showing a stable refractive index change of ${6.2} \times {{10}^{- 4}}$. Both behaviors may mainly be attributed to the movement of initiating radicals arising from benzyl dimethyl ketal (BDK) under UV irradiation. The high refractive index change in step-index fibers paves the way to tilted FBG manufacturing with large tilt angles potentially for biomedical applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (1)

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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