Abstract

Core-shell nanostructures are highly attractive; their electrical and optical properties can be tuned by engineering their shapes and types of core-shell materials to achieve optimal nanomaterials for a variety of applications. Unfortunately, in the synthesis process of core-shell structures, geometric defects may unintentionally happen and possibly lead to undesired properties. In this Letter, the defect due to eccentricity in a core-shell square quantum wire is numerically investigated using the finite difference approach. The effects of the core shifting diagonally and vertically on optical transitions are reported. The results show that even a small core shift causes fully polarization-dependent transitions. The shift also affects the splitting of absorption coefficients due to $x$- and $y$-polarized light, leading to polarization-selective absorption in some photon energy ranges. As a result, the considered quantum wire is an alternative structure for polarizing light or detecting polarized light.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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