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Fourth-harmonic generation of orbital angular momentum light with cascaded quasi-phase matching crystals

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Abstract

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) light, combined with the nonlinear process to expand the frequency range, has drawn increasing research interest in recent years. Here, we implement the first, to the best of our knowledge, experimental fourth-harmonic generation of OAM light with two cascaded quasi-phase-matching crystals. A Laguerre–Gaussian beam was transmitted through a duplet crystals system and frequency-doubled twice by two separate second-harmonic generation processes, which transduced the frequency of the OAM beam from telecom band to visible band and then to ultraviolet (UV) band. The topological charge of the OAM beam was increased substantially in the cascaded frequency conversion processes. In this experiment, we verify the OAM conservation by utilizing a specially designed interferometer, and the results correspond well with the numerical simulation. This work provides an effective method for the generation of UV OAM beams with high topological charges.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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