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Fifth-order optical nonlinear response of semiconducting 2D LTMD MoS2

Abstract

The effective fifth-order susceptibility, ${\chi}_{\rm eff}^{(5)}$, of two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting layered transition metal dichalcogenide (LTMD) molybdenum disulfide (${\rm MoS}_2$) is reported here for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. Using the $ Z $-scan technique with a laser operating at 800 nm, 1 kHz, 100 fs, we investigated the nonlinear behavior of ${\rm MoS}_2$ suspended in acetonitrile (concentration, 70 µg/ml). The effective nonlinear refractive index ${{n}_{4,{eff}}} = - ({7.6 \pm 0.5}) \times {10^{- 26}}\; {{\rm cm}^4}/{{\rm W}^2}$, proportional to ${\rm Re}{\chi}_{\rm eff}^{(5)}$, was measured for monolayer ${\rm MoS}_2$ nanoflakes, prepared by a modified redox exfoliation method. We also determined the value of the nonlinear refractive index ${{n}_2} = + ({4.8 \pm 0.5}) \times {10^{- 16}}\;{{\rm cm}^2}/{\rm W}$, which is related to the material’s effective third-order optical susceptibility real part, ${Re\chi}_{\rm eff}^{(3)}$. For comparison, we also investigated the nonlinear response of tungsten disulfide (${\rm WS}_2$) monolayers, prepared by the same method and suspended in acetonitrile (concentration, 40 µg/ml), which only exhibited the third-order nonlinear effect in the same intensity range, up to ${120}\;{{{\rm GW}/{\rm cm}}^2}$. Nonlinear absorption was not observed in either ${\rm MoS}_2$ or ${\rm WS}_2$.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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