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Abruptly autofocusing circular swallowtail beams

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Abstract

In this Letter, to the best of our knowledge, we report the first experimental demonstration of a new family of autofocusing beams, circular swallowtail beams (CSBs), based on the high-order swallowtail catastrophe, which were determined by potential functions depending on the state and control parameters. The dynamics of the CSBs is discussed here. These types of CSBs tend to automatically focus without external components. Numerical results showed the focal intensity increased significantly, and it was as much as 110 times in the initial plane when the radius of the main ring was 40. Additionally, in contrast to previous circular Pearcey and Airy beams, these CSBs appeared to have more diversity and tunability due to having more propagation trajectories and intensity distribution structures due to high-order diffraction catastrophe. The numerical simulations were verified by our experimental results. These diverse CSBs could have new applications in flexible optical manipulation. These various CSBs could be beneficial for potential applications in optical trapping, medical treatment, or micromachining.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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