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Spatial resolution enhancement of coherent Doppler wind lidar using differential correlation pair technique

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Abstract

A high spatial resolution coherent Doppler wind lidar (CDWL) incorporating the differential correlation pair (DCP) technique is proposed and demonstrated. By employing pulse pair with appropriate window functions, the spatial resolution can be enhanced, as the common parts of the correlation pair can be eliminated in the differential data processing. The performance of the new method is validated in the comparison experiment with the CDWLs adopting conventional schemes. Under a given peak power, the DCP technique provides higher wind velocity accuracy compared with a conventional pulsed CDWL where the laser spectral broadening caused by short pulses can be avoided and the carrier-to-noise ratio is improved. At a laser peak power of 250 W, with a spatial and temporal resolution of 3.3 m and 1 s, continuous radial wind profiling over 700 m is realized with a maximum error of 0.1 m/s.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this Letter are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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