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Ultrasensitive refractometer based on helical long-period fiber grating near the dispersion turning point

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Abstract

Precise and accurate measurements of the optical refractive index (RI) for liquids are increasingly finding applications in biochemistry and biomedicine. Here, we demonstrate a dual-resonance helical long-period fiber grating (HLPFG) near the dispersion turning point (DTP), which exhibits an ultrahigh RI sensitivity (∼25546 nm/RIU at ∼1.440). The achieved RI sensitivity is, to the best of our knowledge, more than one order of magnitude higher than a conventional HLPFG. The ultrahigh RI sensitivity can improve the RI measurement precision and accuracy significantly. Furthermore, ultralow wavelength shifts (nearly zero) with temperature and strain ranging from 20 to 100°C and 0 to 2226 µε, respectively, are also demonstrated for the proposed HLPFG, which may be a good candidate for developing new low-cross-talk sensors.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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