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Expanding the range of the resolvable strain from distributed fiber optic sensors using a local adaptive reference approach

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Abstract

Optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) is a spectral measurement technique in which shifts in the local Rayleigh backscatter spectra can be used to perform distributed temperature or strain measurements relative to a reference measurement using ordinary single-mode optical fibers. This work demonstrates a data processing methodology for improving the resolvable range of temperature and strain by adaptively varying the reference measurement position by position, based on the time evolution of the local optical intensities and the correlation between the reference and active measurements. These methods nearly double the resolvable range of temperature and strain compared with that achieved using the traditional static reference approach.

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Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are available in Ref. [17].

17. D. C. Sweeney, A. M. Schrell, and C. M. Petrie, IEEE Sensors J. 21, 498 (2021). [CrossRef]  

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