Sentinel lymph node biopsy with an indocyanine green-based near-infrared fluorescence imaging system avoids the shortcomings of using a radioisotope or a combination of a blue dye and a radioactive tracer. To improve surgical precision, recent research has provided a depth profile of the sentinel lymph node by fusing fluorescence and ultrasound imaging. Here, we present a combined near-infrared fluorescence and ultrasound imaging system based on a transparent ultrasound transducer. The transparent ultrasound transducer enables seamless coaxial alignment of the fluorescence and ultrasound beam paths, allowing bi-modal observation of a single region of interest. Further, we demonstrate that the sentinel lymph node of mice injected with indocyanine green can be successfully localized and dissected based on information from the bi-modal imaging system.
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17 January 2022: A typographical correction was made to the funding section.
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