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All-fiber passively Q-switched laser with flat-top beam emissions

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Abstract

Flat-top beams have plenty of applications in theoretical and applied research, but they are not eigenmodes of the wave equation. Here, we propose an effective strategy for generating flat-top beams in fibers, which originates from the incoherent superposition of orbital angular momentum (OAM) and fundamental (LP01) modes. The designed all-fiber passively Q-switched laser can realize high-quality pulsed flat-top and OAM beam emissions. The normalized root mean square of the flat-top beam is around 4.7%, and the purity of the OAM mode is calculated to be higher than 98%. For the first time to the best of our knowledge, pulsed emission of a flat-top beam is achieved using an all-fiber laser. Moreover, its repetition rate and duration can be controlled by adjusting the pump.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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