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Observation of the bound states in the continuum supported by mode coupling in a terahertz metasurface

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Abstract

Metasurface supporting bound states in the continuum (BIC) provides a unique approach for the realization of intense near-field enhancement and high quality factor (Q-factor) resonance, which promote the advancement of various applications. Here we experimentally demonstrate a Friedrich–Wintgen BIC based on the mode coupling in the terahertz metasurface, which produces BIC by the coupling of the LC mode and dipole mode resonances. The transition from ideal BIC to quasi-BIC is caused by the mismatch of the coupling, and the mode decay rate during this process is analyzed by temporal coupled mode theory. The Q-factor and the electric field enhancement of the quasi-BIC resonance are significantly increased, which provides enormous potential in sensing, nonlinear optics, and topological optics.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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