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Rapid coherent Raman hyperspectral imaging based on delay-spectral focusing dual-comb method and deep learning algorithm

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Abstract

Rapid coherent Raman hyperspectral imaging shows great promise for applications in sensing, medical diagnostics, and dynamic metabolism monitoring. However, the spectral acquisition speed of current multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy is generally limited by the spectrometer integration time, and as the detection speed increases, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of single spectrum will decrease, leading to a terrible imaging quality. In this Letter, we report a dual-comb coherent Raman hyperspectral microscopy imaging system developed by integrating two approaches, a rapid delay-spectral focusing method and deep learning. The spectral refresh rate is exploited by focusing the relative delay scanning in the effective Raman excitation region, enabling a spectral acquisition speed of 36 kHz, ≈4 frames/s, for a pixel resolution of 95 × 95 pixels and a spectral bandwidth no less than 200 cm−1. To improve the spectral SNR and imaging quality, the deep learning models are designed for spectral preprocessing and automatic unsupervised feature extraction. In addition, by changing the relative delay focusing region of the comb pairs, the detected spectral wavenumber region can be flexibly tuned to the high SNR region of the spectrum.

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
Supplement 1       The Supporting Information for deep learning part

Data availability

Data underlying the results and code presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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