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Terahertz-triggered ultrafast nonlinear optical activities in two-dimensional centrosymmetric PtSe2

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Abstract

The nonlinear mechanisms of polarization and optical fields can induce extensive responses in materials. In this study, we report on two kinds of nonlinear mechanisms in the topological semimetal PtSe2 crystal under the excitation of intense terahertz (THz) pulses, which are manipulated by the real and imaginary parts of the nonlinear susceptibility of PtSe2. Regarding the real part, the broken inversion symmetry of PtSe2 is achieved through a THz-electric-field polarization approach, which is characterized by second harmonic generation (SHG) measurements. The transient THz-laser-induced SHG signal occurs within 100 fs and recombines to the equilibrium state within 1 ps, along with a high signal-to-noise ratio (∼51 dB) and a high on/off ratio (∼102). Regarding the imaginary part, a nonlinear absorption change can be generated in the media. We reveal a THz-induced absorption enhancement in PtSe2 via nonlinear transmittance measurements, and the sheet conductivity can be modulated up to 42% by THz electric fields in our experiment. Therefore, the THz-induced ultrafast nonlinear photoresponse reveals the application potential of PtSe2 in photonic and optoelectronic devices in the THz technology.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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