Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
Skip to content
Optica Publishing Group

Birefringent Coupler for Integrated Optics

Not Accessible

Your library or personal account may give you access

Abstract

An optical coupler has been developed whereby a birefringent prism or substrate is utilized to couple light into thin film optical waveguides. The coupler is designed so that the incident light, polarized as an extraordinary wave, passes through the birefringent material at such an angle that the index of refraction in the input medium is higher than that of the waveguide. In addition, the orientation of the birefringent material is chosen so that the reflected waves within the waveguide are incident on the input medium at such an angle that the medium index of refraction appears lower than that of the waveguide. In this way, the light is trapped within the waveguide and, when the light is incident at the appropriate angle, this light propagates in the waveguide as a single mode. Coupling takes place over the whole area common to the waveguide and input medium; thus, neither a sharp edge nor a trapped evanescent region are required to prevent the light coupled into the waveguide from leaking back into the coupling prism. The absence of a boundary makes it practical to couple wide beams of light into planar guides. Couplers made of calcite have been used to couple TM He–Ne laser light into multimode waveguides formed of liquids and optical cement.

© 1974 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Birefringent prism couplers for thin-film optical waveguides

Irwin J. Kurland and Henry L. Bertoni
Appl. Opt. 17(7) 1030-1037 (1978)

Distribution Networks and Electrically Controllable Couplers for Integrated Optics

C. Elachi and C. Yeh
Appl. Opt. 13(6) 1372-1375 (1974)

Gratings for Integrated Optics by Electron Lithography

J. C. Tracy, L. F. Thompson, R. D. Heidenreich, and J. L. Merz
Appl. Opt. 13(7) 1695-1702 (1974)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Figures (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Metrics

Select as filters


Select Topics Cancel
© Copyright 2022 | Optica Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved