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Reciprocal reflection interferometer for a fiber-optic Faraday current sensor

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Abstract

A reciprocal fiber-optic reflection interferometer for remote measurement of electrical current through the Faraday effect is described. The effects of polarization cross coupling because of nonideal elements are eliminated with a low-coherence source. Nonreciprocal birefringence phase modulation is employed for detection of the Faraday phase shift. The theoretical predictions are confirmed by measurements with a piece of straight fiber as the sensing element in a 100-turn solenoid. Currents from 0 to 40 A have been measured with a linear response and a noise limit of 0.015A/Hz.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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