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Optica Publishing Group
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology
  • Vol. 39,
  • Issue 8,
  • pp. 2552-2558
  • (2021)

Faraday Michelson Interferometers for Signal Demodulation of Fiber-Optic Sensors

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Abstract

We developed an all-fiber-based optical demodulator for the signal interrogation of low-coherence fiber-optic Fabry–Perot interferometric sensors. The optical demodulator consists of a Michelson interferometer implemented by using a 3 × 3 fiber coupler and two fiber-coupled Faraday reflectors with tunable fiber delay lines. The demodulator's output contains two optical interference signals with a constant phase shift and the output shows no sensitivity to the polarization variation in the light source or fibers. A digital phase recovery algorithm is used to extract the measurand information from the phase-shifted signals at high accuracy, high dynamic range, and high stability. The optical demodulator has been applied to the measurement of high-frequency vibrations and strains using fiber-optic sensors.

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