Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
Skip to content
Optica Publishing Group

Weakly diverging to tightly focused Gaussian beams: a single set of analytic expressions

Not Accessible

Your library or personal account may give you access

Abstract

Analytic expressions describing all vector components of Gaussian beams, linearly polarized as well as radially polarized, are presented. These simple expressions, to high powers in divergence angle, were derived from a single-component vector potential. The vector potential itself, as in the 1979 work of Davis [Phys. Rev. A 19, 1177 (1979) [CrossRef]  ], was approximated by the first two terms of an infinite series solution of the Helmholtz equation. The expressions presented here were formulated to emphasize the dependence of the amplitude of the various field components on the beam’s divergence angle. We show that the amplitude of the axial component of a linearly polarized Gaussian beam scales as the divergence angle squared, whereas the amplitude of the cross-polarized component of a linearly polarized Gaussian beam scales as the divergence angle to the fourth power. Weakly diverging Gaussian beams as well as strongly focused Gaussian beams can be described by exactly the same set of mathematical expressions, up to normalization constant. For a strongly focused linearly polarized Gaussian beam, the ellipticity of the dominant electric field component, typically calculated by the Debye–Wolf integral, is reproduced. For yet higher accuracy, terms with higher powers in divergence angle are presented, but the inclusion of these terms is limited to low divergence angles and short axial distances.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Mathematics of vectorial Gaussian beams

Uri Levy, Yaron Silberberg, and Nir Davidson
Adv. Opt. Photon. 11(4) 828-891 (2019)

Higher-order corrections to the electric field vector of a Gaussian beam

Hyo-Chang Kim and Yeon H. Lee
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16(9) 2232-2238 (1999)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Tables (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Equations (20)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Metrics

Select as filters


Select Topics Cancel
© Copyright 2022 | Optica Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved