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Enhanced bandwidth distributed acoustic sensing using a frequency multiplexed pulse train and micro-machined point reflector fiber

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Abstract

In this Letter, we present an enhanced bandwidth distributed acoustic sensor (DAS) that uses a frequency multiplexed interrogation system to probe a micro-machined point reflector fiber. The fiber contains a series of discrete point reflectors with reflectance as high as −48 dB, while the frequency multiplexed interrogator allows us to increase the effective pulse repetition rate by a factor of 10. Together, this enables a phase noise as low as −101 dB (re rad2/Hz) for a 2.5 km fiber with 10 m spatial resolution, corresponding to a strain noise of $0.095\; p\varepsilon /\sqrt {\textrm{Hz}} $. This scheme also enables a 10-fold increase in the sensor bandwidth without introducing noise due to interference fading. Finally, we demonstrate sensing at ranges up to 10 km using a fiber containing 1000 point reflectors, illustrating the scalability of this approach.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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