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Suppressing backscattering noise of a resonant fiber optic gyroscope using coherent detection

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Abstract

This paper provides a novel, to the best of our knowledge, method for suppressing backscattering noise of a resonant fiber optic gyroscope (RFOG) with a coherent detection technique. The light from the fiber ring resonator is mixed with a reference beam rather than being demodulated directly in traditional configurations, generating a coherent signal with a radio frequency. The central frequencies of the two reference lights used for the clockwise and counterclockwise waves are different to avoid the effect of backscattered waves. Besides, a common phase modulation is applied on the two counter-propagating waves to eliminate the parasitic effect due to the residual amplitude modulation in the phase modulator. Two demodulation schemes for the rotation rate detection from the coherent signals are then proposed and demonstrated, with performance on noise suppression tested. One is the beat-frequency demodulation, and the other is the self-mixing demodulation technique. The influence of backscattering intensity is reduced from 270°/h to 3°/h and 0.05°/h with the two demodulation techniques, respectively, showing a full suppression of backscattering noise.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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